Some FAQs Related to ASTHMA
- What is Asthma?
Asthma is a disease of airways of lungs,which causes chronic inflammation in airways and scarring if left untreated. This leads to recurrent attacks of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and cough. It is very common disease. Usually occurs in childhood but no age is immune to Asthma.
- Is it genetic?
Yes. But exact etiology can’t be only genetic.It is mixture of hereditary and environmental factors.
- Can it be cured?
No. It can’t be cured,but can be controlled. A person can live healthy life if proper medications and doctor’s advices are followed. It is chronic(longduration) disease with many ups and down.
- Are inhalers bad?
Asthma attacks are more dreadful than side effects of inhalers. Although no medication is free from side effects, inhalers are safest mode as drugs reach directly at site of action. No major side effect usually occurs.
- I have been told that I have Asthma, but PFT is normal. Is it possible?
Yes. In Asthma PFT can be normal. Usually improvement in PFT after bronchodilator is more meaningful.
- I am suffering from exercise induced Asthma. Can I exercise?
Yes. Exercise is very important and can be performed with use of inhalers and certain prescription as advised by treating doctors.
- Is there any relation of GERD to Asthma?
Can’t be said exactly but if cough not relieved on taking Asthma medication can be looked after GERD.
- Can I lead to normal life?
Yes. A person suffering from Asthma can lead normal life if follow doctor’s instruction properly. There is definately more risk of death than normal persons. Proper medications and regular followup is key.
- How to prevent asthma transferring to baby?
Genetic factors can’t be altered as far now. Smoking during pregnancy should be avoided.
- I have wheeze. Am I suffering from Asthma?
Wheeze is not manifestation of only Asthma. It can occur in many other conditions like bronchiolitis, severe heart failure and many more. It should be confirmed by doctor.
Faqs Provided by : Dr. Gyan Prakash, MD (General Medicine), PDCC (RRT), Nephrology