Laparoscopy is a type of surgery. It is used to detect and treat many health problems. Over the past 20 years, laparoscopy has become fairly common. It often can be performed as an out-patient procedure. Most patients recover from laparoscopic surgery within days. Laparoscopy is a way of doing surgery without making a large incision (cut). A thin, lighted tube–known as the laparoscope–is inserted into the abdomen through a small incision. The laparoscope is a small camera that allows your doctor to see the pelvic organs. If a problem needs to be fixed, other instruments are used. These instruments are inserted either through the laparoscope or through other small cuts in your abdomen.